Oregon Criminal Records
What Defines a Criminal Record in Oregon?
A criminal record provides an official compilation of a person’s criminal history. It contains information that is assembled from different government agencies and departments, including police departments, courts, and correctional facilities across the county and state jurisdictions. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, but the majority of Oregon criminal records are organized in online record depositories maintained by the Oregon State Police.
What’s contained in a criminal record?
While most records vary across different counties, criminal records general provide the following information:
- Subject’s name and any known aliases
- Date of birth
- Physical descriptors
- Records of any charges
- Arrest history
- Records of any warrant (past or current)
The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org may vary from individual to individual. This is because different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes.
What is an Arrest Record?
Arrest records contain a summary of the subject’s arrest history. They provide information on whether a person has been questioned, detained, taken into custody or held for investigation regarding a misdemeanor, felony or any other offense. Arrest records aren’t evidence of guilt.
Are Arrest Records Open to the Public?
Members of the public can access copies of arrest records, with a few exceptions. Access to arrest records in Oregon may be restricted for ongoing cases. Records may also be sealed to provide public safety or in cases where subjects are factually innocent.
What’s contained in an Arrest Record?
Arrest records contain general information such as
- The full name of the arrestee
- The date the charges were filed
- Case type and case number
- Court Name
- Charge and offense
What is an Arrest Warrant?
An arrest warrant in Oregon is an official document, issued and signed by a judge that authorizes law enforcement officers to arrest or detain the person(s) named in the warrant. Arrest warrants contain the name of the subject, charges behind the arrest, and the terms affecting when and where the arrest may be made.
Can Arrests be made without a Warrant?
In the state of Oregon, the police can arrest a person for committing a crime even without a warrant. In most cases, this occurs if the officer witnesses a crime or has reasonable cause to believe an individual committed a crime.
What is a Misdemeanor?
Misdemeanors refer to non-indictable offenses that are less severe than felonies. When sentencing a person for a misdemeanor offense, courts can impose jail time, fines, or both. Oregon’s state laws divided misdemeanors into four major categories based on the severity of the crime and penalty.
- Class A misdemeanors are punishable for up to 364 days in jail and/or a fine of up to $6,520
- Class B misdemeanors are punishable for up to 6 months in jail and/or a fine of up to $2,500
- Class C misdemeanors are punishable for up to 30 days and/or a fine of up to $1,250
- Unclassified misdemeanors where the penalties as specified in the particular statute
Examples of crimes that are considered misdemeanors in Oregon include
- Property theft less than $100
- Reckless driving
- Driving while suspended
- Assault in the fourth degree
- Disorderly conduct
- Resisting Arrest
- Carrying a concealed weapon
- Buying, furnishing, or providing alcohol to a minor
What are Felonies?
A felony offense in Oregon refers to violations of the state’s criminal legislature that carries a minimum sentence of more than 1 year. Felony convictions are typically served in a county jail or state prison. Depending on the crime, a felony conviction may even be punished by death. Like most states, Oregon’s legislation divides felonies into multiple classes.
- Class A felonies carry the most severe penalties. Individuals convicted for crimes in this class, risk up to 20 years in prison and/or a fine of up to $375,000
- Class B felonies carry a penalty of up to 10 years in prison and/or a fine of up to $250,000
- Class C felonies carry a penalty of up to 5 years in prison and/or a fine of up to $125,000
Examples of felonies in Oregon include:
- Assault in the first degree
- Possession of an unregistered machine gun
Some felonies remain unclassified and come with their own maximum penalty. For instance, the penalty for aggravated murder maybe death or life imprisonment with or without the possibility of parole and a fine of up to $500,000. Unclassified felonies are typically the most serious types of crimes possible in the state, while class C felonies are considered the least serious.
What is a Sex Offender Listing?
Oregon’s sex offender is a public online registry of offenders who have been convicted of committing a sex crime. Residents of the state can access general information such as the name of the offender (and any known aliases), date of birth, address and physical descriptors, such as scars and tattoos. It also details the charge(s) for which they were convicted as well as their offender status.
Do Registered Sex Offenders Have to Notify Neighbors?
Although sex offenders are not required to directly notify neighbors, they are required to register with the local sheriff or local law enforcement if they move into a new neighborhood. Neighbors can also sign up for email updates on the movements of sex offenders around them using the state’s public subscription service. Judges are given discretion as to whether they require registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration law. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime they were convicted of involves sexual motivation.
What is Megan's Law?
Megan’s Law is the unofficial term used in the state of Oregon to refer to its existing sex offender registry laws. The Oregon State Police maintains a public sex offender registry that contains regularly updated information on sex offenders located in the state. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government implemented a requirement that all states establish sex offender registries and provide the public with information about those registered. The law in the state of Oregon requires the registration of anyone who pleads guilty to a sex crime or anyone who was found guilty (except for insanity) of a sex crime.
Oregon Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. When the traffic violation is committed repeatedly, the driving license might get suspended, and a fee may be required to be paid by the offender.
What are Conviction Records?
A conviction record is an official document providing information that a person was found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded nolo contendere against criminal charges in a civilian or military court. The criminal charges can be classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. A conviction also includes when a person has been judged delinquent, has been less than honorably discharged or has been placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment that was deleted by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
What are Inmate Records?
Jail and inmate records contain information about an offender’s current and past inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate has been deprived of his/her civil liberties while either awaiting trial or after being convicted. These people remain on a searchable online inmate database. The Oregon Department of Corrections accumulates records on inmates’ names, incarceration dates, expected release dates, convicted offenses, and photos, which can be obtained, though not necessarily directly from the institution itself.
Oregon History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of the data of criminal records depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Oregon criminal records archives usually go back as far as the 1970s when criminal and arrest data started to be centralized and compiled into an organized database, much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by human error in the past, but in the 1990s the quality and accuracy of recordkeeping improved exponentially due to the advent of the computer. Consequently, the information provided on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person
What are Parole Records?
Parole records contain the official data of prisoners who have been released prior to the completion of their maximum sentence on the condition of meeting certain terms.
&Parole records are an official document that includes information regarding the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions prior to the completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board shall require as a condition of parole that they pay a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining the inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it deems appropriate in order to ensure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Oregon are served.
What are Probation Records?
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in Oregon to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they comply with probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive. Intensive probation is a form of very strict probation that emphasizes punishment and control of the offender within the community.
What are Juvenile Records?
Juvenile records in Oregon provide details regarding criminal activity committed by adolescents below the age of 18. The state of Oregon has no specific statute that defines when age when a youth can be adjudicated delinquent. Crimes committed before the age of 18 may still remain under the jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court until the age of 25.
Are Juvenile Records Public in State?
While juvenile records in Oregon are protected from public view, they still remain open to inspection by a group of people, including:
- The name of the youth
- Parents or guardians of the youth
- Individuals intervening on behalf of the unit during a proceeding
- The DA’s office
- The Juvenile department
- Service providers on the case
- Judge of the juvenile court or persons working under the judge’s direction
Access to juvenile records isn’t as direct as public criminal records. In most cases, individuals or organizations seeking access to juvenile records may be required to obtain court permission. This will involve making a showing of good cause. Juvenile records may also be open to the public in cases where a juvenile is charged with a crime that would be a major felony if committed by an adult.